英国的宪法和布雷克特:“宪法” moment’?

我最近完成了工作 文章 对于日本法律期刊的特别问题 霍利斯·吉汉。特别问题的主题是全球化和民族主义对宪法和研究的影响。在我的贡献中,我认为英国的潜在影响’从欧盟出发,为英国宪法的未来。特别是,我认为Brexit可能合法地认为金额的程度‘宪政时刻’在一个可能有理由的事件意义上被视为英国的重要拐点’宪法史。

I begin the piece by noting that the United Kingdom’s constitution is, by any reasonable standard, an unusual one. The reason for this, it is sometimes said, is that the UK’s constitution is an evolutive one that has developed incrementally over a long period of time, rather than being the product of the sort of a defining ‘宪政时刻’ that, in many countries, supplies the supplies the foundation upon which (new) constitutional arrangements are built. Yet while there is certainly something to this narrative, it is not without difficulty. For one thing, the UK undoubtedly experienced a highly significant 宪政时刻 in the late 17TH. century, when the fundamental principle was established that the Crown in Parliament enjoys legislative supremacy, thus giving rise to the axiomatic concept of 议会主权. However, while these events, which reached their denouement in 1688-9, doubtless amounted to a 宪政时刻, what is unusual — and what sets the UK constitution apart from nearly all others — is that that critical moment was not followed by any recognisable form of codification. In this way, the near-uniqueness of the UK’s constitutional arrangements is attributable not to the want of any significant 宪政时刻 in the UK’s long constitutional history, but to the absence of any attempt to codify the implications of such a moment. That lack of codification certainly does not, however, detract from the defining significance of what happened in the late 1600s, whereby parliamentary authority was established at the expense of monarchical power.

超过300年后,该问题出现了英国目前正在经历另一个宪法时刻,这些时刻除了一边的编纂问题,可能是英国宪法史上的拐点,作为1680年代展开的事件。询问该问题的赛季由英国从欧洲联盟出发提供,这是在2020年1月31日发生的。这是两个原因。首先,从欧盟撤出是一个非常重要的宪法 - 以及社会,经济和政治发展,这是一个很长一段时间的困境。其次,Brexit是对宪法中的独立现象的对立 - 惯于术语。除了在自己的权利中成为一个相应的宪法事件,Brexit可能会产生,并且在某些方面已经在生产中,在更广泛的宪法秩序中已经产生了重大的反响。在此背景下,我的文章的目的是绘制布雷克利特对英国的现有和可能的宪法影响,并在此过程中评估英国目前是否正在遇到什么历史历史宗旨‘宪政时刻’这将是几十年来,被视为英国发展中的重要里程碑’宪法安排。

我的文章在日语中发表 霍利斯·吉汉。英语的一块版本可以 通过SSRN下载.